Samedi 20 juillet 2019

Introduction

The fight against overweight and obesity intensifies. It is mostly focused on questions concerning eating and physical exercise, with no significant success as of yet. It brushes aside those people who don't meet weight norms for staying in good health and having the longest possible life expectancy. Starting at a young age, the fear of becoming fat isolates youngsters who are larger than the admissible body shape, which straightway draws attention to their difference.

Eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa It is common that mental anorexia begins with a plump teenager who goes on a diet and succeeds all too well. Then, without really knowing when things get out of control, there is a shift from following a trend to a quest for purity or even rejection of the body.

Eating to mask psychological and relational difficulties

TRUE : We can eat excessively due to psychological and emotional difficulties. Psychological and relational problems can lead to quantitative and qualitative modifications in the way of eating, and sometimes even unbeknownst to the person, who may not be conscious of this change. We also eat excessively to anesthetize, suffocate thoughts, emotions, and painful feelings. Some complain about feeling painfully empty inside, whereas others (or the same) talk about feeling stuffed. Eating then becomes a way to prevent thinking and to mask problems.

An environment driving us to eat excessively

TRUE : It is easy to become fat in an society of overabundance, where a lot of appealing food is easily available. An environment full of delicious food produces many temptations. Many of us behave like the newly rich who, after having missed a lot, want “everything now, at once". A society which always favors quantity to the detriment of quality, which considers that more is always better, forges a mindset favorable to over consumption.

Genetics : tendency or fate ?

TRUE : Some types of obesity are strongly influenced by genetics. A child whose parents are obese has a risk of obesity three times higher than a child having two thin parents. When only one parent is obese, the child has a risk of 40 % of becoming obese and if both parents are, the risk becomes 80 % ! It falls down to 10 % if both parents are thin.

Obesity

TRUE : One adult in 5 is overweight in France. In the US, one adult in 3 is overweight. Excessive weight has become a major issue for the whole western world. Overweight is a health risk factor. At the very least, excess fat located in the abdomen (obesity referred to as "androïd" or...

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