Vendredi 23 octobre 2020

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Individual dimension of stigmatization

Social rejection induces overweight persons to lose confidence in themselves. In some cases, people have been brushed aside early in their life. This has led to major eating and identity disorders. The professional who is asked to treat people suffering from their weight and from their eating...

Social dimension of stigmatization

Stigmatization was described by Erwing Goffman as a discrediting process which strikes an individual who is considered as "abnormal" or "deviant". He/she is reduced to this single characteristic in other people’s eyes. This “label” justifies a range of social discriminations and even exclusion. Stigmatized individuals then shape themselves based on these rejections by developing a self-devaluation, impairing their body image and legitimizing these negative judgments most often irreversibly.

Introduction

The fight against overweight and obesity intensifies. It is mostly focused on questions concerning eating and physical exercise, with no significant success as of yet. It brushes aside those people who don't meet weight norms for staying in good health and having the longest possible life expectancy. Starting at a young age, the fear of becoming fat isolates youngsters who are larger than the admissible body shape, which straightway draws attention to their difference.

Eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa It is common that mental anorexia begins with a plump teenager who goes on a diet and succeeds all too well. Then, without really knowing when things get out of control, there is a shift from following a trend to a quest for purity or even rejection of the body.

Eating to mask psychological and relational difficulties

TRUE : We can eat excessively due to psychological and emotional difficulties. Psychological and relational problems can lead to quantitative and qualitative modifications in the way of eating, and sometimes even unbeknownst to the person, who may not be conscious of this change. We also eat excessively to anesthetize, suffocate thoughts, emotions, and painful feelings. Some complain about feeling painfully empty inside, whereas others (or the same) talk about feeling stuffed. Eating then becomes a way to prevent thinking and to mask problems.

An environment driving us to eat excessively

TRUE : It is easy to become fat in an society of overabundance, where a lot of appealing food is easily available. An environment full of delicious food produces many temptations. Many of us behave like the newly rich who, after having missed a lot, want “everything now, at once". A society which always favors quantity to the detriment of quality, which considers that more is always better, forges a mindset favorable to over consumption.

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