Jeudi 24 septembre 2020

Obesity

TRUE : One adult in 5 is overweight in France.

In the US, one adult in 3 is overweight. Excessive weight has become a major issue for the whole western world.

  • Overweight is a health risk factor. At the very least, excess fat located in the abdomen (obesity referred to as "androïd" or apple-shaped and more frequent among men,) is harmful from this point of view. But excess fat around the thighs and buttocks (obesity referred to as "gynoïd" or pear-shaped and more frequent among women) does not seem to have the same impact. Androïd obesity favors cardiovascular disorders, hypertension, diabetes and presumably breast, prostate and colon cancers. This type of obesity reduces life expectancy. Moreover, overweight people suffer more frequently from physical discomfort and articular problems.
  • Being overweight is a contributor to social exclusion; fat people are regarded as ugly and repulsive, as people lacking will, eager for relationships and intrusive. They are clearly penalized both in their professional lives and in their private lives.

FALSE Overweight people must absolutely lose weight.

  • People being moderately overweight (meaning having a Body Mass Index, or BMI, less or equal to 27 kg/m2) can indeed consider that their body does not correspond to the esthetic standards of our time, but their relative overweight has no impact on their health. Medium obesity (BMI greater than 27,8 for men and 27,9 for women) can have impacts on health and longevity, but it is mostly people with massive obesity (BMI greater than 31,1 for men and 32,3 for women) who suffer biologically from their obesity. For the latter, becoming "medium obese", that is to say a slightly plump individual (without becoming thin for that matter) will considerably improve their health.
  • Before starting to lose weight, one should know that this is a difficult undertaking; if 75 % of people on diets do effectively lose weight initially, only 5 to 15% of them remain at this level of weight loss (this was evaluated over a 5 year period).
  • In most cases, diets will make a person GAIN some weight in the long term, inasmuch as they are usually followed by a weight rebound that is more or less substantial depending on the intensity of the caloric restriction.
  • The restrictions that overweight people impose on themselves in order to lose weight not only fail in making them lose weight, they also frequently lead to the development of eating disorders, loss of self-esteem, nervous breakdown, and personality disorders.
  • Dernière mise à jour: 19/11/15 16:53
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